25 September, 2019
Machu Picchu is considered a historical and natural heritage by UNESCO, in addition to its incredible structures, you can see beautiful species of animals, plants and insects. The historic and natural sanctuary of Machu Picchu houses, among all plant species, about 450 species of orchids and nowhere else in the world can you find so many. Hundreds of animal species, among which are the spectacled bear and the cock of the rocks in danger of extinction.
The spectacled bear certainly has an interesting name, but when you search on google, you’ll see where its name comes from; These beautiful bears have white or golden brown rings around the eyes, making it look like they wear glasses, the rest of their fur is dark black. It is believed that bears inhabit the valleys formed by the andes mountain range, many of them are in the Machu Picchu national park. The spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus) is the only bear species of high forest (between 800 and 3,800 m.a.s.l.). It can be found along the andes mountain range, from Venezuela to northern Argentina. It can reach 1.90 meters in length and 125 kilos of weight.
Machu Picchu is a sanctuary of spectacled bears, it is the only place in South America where you can see them walking freely, fiddle among the wonder terraces and do not represent any type of threat to visitors. Yes, you can see bears in Machu Picchu and it is something that happens very often. Machu Picchu is home to a large part of the population of Andean bears (spectacled bears) that inhabit south america. And seeing spectacled bears walking through the Inca city of Machu Picchu will enrich the already incredible experience.
He is a native of south america and is called that, because around the eyes he has white circular spots. Eat fruits, stems, leaves, and fish or some bird from time to time. It has become frequent to see spectacled bears next to their puppies playing near the constructions of Machu Picchu. They can be seen from very early until around 4pm, but they only remain for a few minutes, after attracting all eyes they return to the forest in search of another place to play.
The spectacled bear is recognized worldwide for its white glasses and because it appears on the list of endangered species; and one of the most original souvenirs of this beautiful animal that you can get in Peru, may be the currency of a sun recently included in the limited edition coin collection. Of the central reserve bank of Peru.
The south american spectacled bear is not in danger of becoming extinct, much less due to lack of food, since unlike the panda that only consumes bamboo, the spectacle of the spectacled bear is 90% fruit and 10 % meat, and has abundant wild fruits and vegetables; however, the fragmentation of their populations due to the indiscriminate destruction of their habitat has placed this beautiful animal on the list of highly vulnerable species. In the world there are 8 species of bear; of these, two come from totally different genetic lineages: the panda and the andean bear (spectacled bear). The brown bear, the american black bear, the malay, the sheep and the polar bear share most of their genetic characteristics. However, the spectacled bear is a unique species, if it disappears, its genetic lineage and its millions of years of evolution are lost with it.